Mt. Vernon – “The King City”

Welcome to Mt. Vernon, in Jefferson County, Illinois! Since 1889, with the construction of the Mt. Vernon Car Manufacturing Co., our city has been known as a major manufacturing center in southern Illinois and continues to attract large employers like Continental Tire, Walgreen’s Distribution Center and SSM Health Good Samaritan Hospital – Mt. Vernon. We are close to major markets throughout the Midwest, provide convenient access via both rail and highway, and offer a high quality of life for local residents paired with a low cost of living.

Geography: Mt. Vernon is 13.151 square miles in size. It is the County Seat of Jefferson County. The City is one hour east of St. Louis, Mo., one hour west of Evansville, Ind., ninety minutes north of Paducah, KY and two hours south of Champaign, IL. Latitude 38.417N, Longitude 88.903; Elevation 512 Feet

Transportation: Mt. Vernon is served by two exits (95 and 94) where I-64 and I-57 converge, with exit 80 also providing access to I-64 just southeast of town. As a strategic crossroads, the conjoined highways serve an average 35,900 vehicles per day and an average of 12,750 trucks and semi’s each day. Mt. Vernon is the junction of three Class I rail lines: CSX (via Evansville-Western Short Line), Norfolk Southern and Union Pacific. Milano Railway Logistics Services is an approved active transloader at the junction site. Mt. Vernon Outland Airport offers commercial-rated facilities and a 6,500-foot by 150-foot main runway capable of handling Boeing 757-sized aircraft, with 24/7 emergency response services on-site. SRT Aviation Inc. provides FAA-Certified repair, quick-turn fuel and maintenance services.

Population Demographics: Mt. Vernon has a 2015 population of 15,136 people. This is down from the US Census count of 15,277. Like most rural communities across the U.S., our population has decreased year-over-year since 2000, when our population was 16,269. However, the rate of population decrease has slowed. From 2000 to 2010, we experienced an annual average decrease of -0.61% (99 people) per year. And from 2010 to 2015, the decrease has slowed to -0.18% (28 people). The 2016 median age is 39.7.

As of 2016, there are 6,606 households in Mt. Vernon, with an average household size of 2.23 people. Median household income has increased year-over-year, and the rate of increase is picking up. In 2000, median household income was $28,145, increasing to $32,219 by 2010, an annual average increase of 1.45% per year. By 2015, the median household income had risen to $36,218, an annual average increase of 2.48% per year.

For a complete review of Mt. Vernon’s demographics, please review the following reports:

Community Profile

Provides population, household and housing unit summaries from 2000 to 2021; includes households by income, type, size, tenure and mortgage status, and by urban/rural status; includes owner-occupied housing units by value; includes population by age, sex, race/ethnicity, relationship and household type, educational attainment, marital status, in labor force, by industry, by occupation, and by urban/rural status; and includes 2016 consumer spending summary.


Household Income Profile

Provides households by income, households by income broken down by age of householder, percent distribution by age of householder for both 2016 and 2021 forecast.


Housing Profile

Includes housing units by occupancy status and tenure, owner-occupied housing units by value, housing units by urban/rural status, owner-occupied units by mortgage status, vacant units by status, occupied units by age of householder and home ownership, occupied units by race/ethnicity of householder and home ownership status, occupied units by size and home ownership status.

Link to city of Mount Vernon

Link to city of Mount Vernon

Layoffs/Closings: There has not been a significant plant closing in the past five years.